In the Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Islam is one of the largest religions and also it’s the fastest growing religion in the world. The name “Islam” derives from the Arabic root “Salema” meaning “peace, submission and obedience (to God)”.
Islam is not a new religion reviled by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) 1400 year ago. It was the religion of all the Prophets sent by Allah (SWT) to the mankind from the first man and Prophet Adam (PBUH) till the last Muhammad (PBUH) when Allah (SWT) re-expressed it in its final form.
Islam is a monotheistic religion, the core of the belief is that there is only one God (Allah SWT) and only He should be worshipped, and Muhammad (PBUH) is the last messenger (Prophet) of God.
The religion of Islam is based on the Qur’an (Muslim holy book) that is the word of God (Allah SWT final revelation) and from the ‘’Hadith’’ that are teachings and practices of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
The religion of Islam has five pillars that are obligatory to all Muslims:
1) The declaration of faith (Shahadat)
2) Prayers (Salat) – Must be performed five times a day
3) Annual payment (Zakat)
4) Fasting during the month of Ramadan
5) Hajj (if able to afford)
The messenger of Allah (Muhammad PBUH) said: “Islam is to testify that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, to perform the prayers, to pay the Zakat, to fast in Ramadan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House of Allah (if you are able to do so)”.
Sunni is the largest denomination in Islam, the word Sunni derives from the word “Sunnah” - Meaning the teachings and actions of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
The Sunni adherents believe that the first four caliphs (Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali) are rightfully Mohammed’s (PBUH) successors as the leaders of Muslims.
There are four major Sunni religious jurisprudence schools (Madh’habs):
- Hanafi - founded by Imam Abu Hanifa an-Numan
- Maliki - derives from the work of Imam Malik ibn Anas
- Shafi’i - founded by Imam Muhammad ibn Idris ash–Shafi’i
- Hanbali - the school was started by the students of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal.
“Shia” is the short form of the phrase Shi’atu Ali, meaning followers of Ali (PBUH).
The Shia adherents believe that after the death of Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH), the leadership should have passed directly to his cousin and son-in-law, Ali ibn Abu Talib (PBUH).
Reverting to Islam is simple, just pronounce the “Shahada” (testimony) with clarity of intention, firm faith, sincerity and belief.
“Ash-hadu an la ilaha ill Allah, Wa ash-hadu ana Muhammad ar-rasullallah.”
Meaning: “I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah”.
Accepting Islam erases all sins which come before it.
“If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah SWT) never will It be accepted of Him.” (Qur’an 3:85)
Islam is complete guidance for all mankind, it is a religion and a way of life.
The followers of Islam are called Muslims.
Alhamdulillah (Praise to God).