In the Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Who is Muhammad (PBUH)?
Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) is the last Prophet of God (Allah SWT).
According to Muslims calendar He was born on Monday morning in the month of Rabi’ al-Awwal or April 570 (CE) in the city of Mecca (Saudi Arabia). He was the son of Abdullah ibn ‘Abd al-Muṭṭalib and Aminah Bint Wahb, the Prophet (PBUH) was their only child.
The Islamic Prophet (PBUH) was born into the Hashemite clan of the Quraysh/Quraish which was a powerful, wealthy tribe. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was born already circumcised also had been washed by the angels. On his back he had stamped the Seal of Prophet-hood.
The last Prophet (PBUH) became fully orphaned when He had only six years when His mother died (The father Abdullah died approximately six months before Muhammad PBUH was born) and was brought up by his uncle Abu Talib because the Prophets grandfather Abd al Muttalib also died when He had 8 years.
He worked as a merchant (in early youth He also worked as a shepherd) and was known for his trustworthiness, sincerity, good morals, ethics, politeness, good manners and other noble characteristics that made Him the best role model for all humankind.
In the age of 40 (610 CE) during the month of Ramadan in a cave in mount Hira an angel (Jibra’il) appeared to him in the form of a man and he received the first revelation from Allah (SWT) that he is a Prophet of God. The revelations continued till the end of His life at age of 63 (June 8, 632 CE) and from all these revelations is formed the Holy Book “The Qur’an”.
In the year 622 (CE) our Prophet (PBUH) and His followers migrated from the city of Mecca to Medina (then known as Yathrib) a journey that marked the beginning of the Islamic calendar, which is also known as the Hijri Calendar.
The Prophet’s life is divided into two periods: before Hijra (emigration) in Mecca (570 - 622) and post-Hijra in Medina (622 - 632).
The name Muhammad means “Praiseworthy”, the full name of the last Prophet is ‘’Muhammad Ibn ‘Abd Allah Ibn abd al-Muttalib” (محمد بن عبدالله بن عبد المطلب ). Whenever Muslims mention the name Muhammad or the names of other Prophets such as Abraham (Ibrahim), Moses (Musa), David (Dawood) or Jesus (Isa) they recite the words Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH) or “sallalahu alayhi wa salam” (SAW) in english “Allah’s praise and peace be upon him”.
His teachings and practices are called ‘’Sunnah”. The teachings and practices of the Muslim Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) include his words, habits, practices, and silent approvals.
Mawlid al-Nabi is the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and it’s celebrated on the 12th day of the month Rabi al-Awwal (Muslim calendar).
The Last Prophet in the Farewell Sermon has said:
“O People, No Prophet or Apostle will come after me and Islam is the last faith”.
There is only one God (Allah SWT) and Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) is the last messenger (Prophet) of God.
Alhamdulillah (Praise to God).