In the Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Hijri New Year - Islamic new year that starts on the first day of the month Muharram (Muslim calendar). The current year is 1434.
The birthday of the Muslim Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). It’s on the 12th day of the month Rabi al-Awwal (Muslim calendar). The prophet was born on April, 570 (CE).
Is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, it lasts 29 or 30 days. It’s an Islamic month of fasting in which Muslims refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, engage in sexual activity from sunrise to sunset.
Also known as the Night of Destiny, Night of Power, Night of Value, Night of Decree or Night of Measures. This night is better than a thousand months. It’s a special night in the month of Ramadan in which the first Qur’an verse was revealed.
It is a Muslim holiday that commemorates the nightin which the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in a single night took the journey from Mecca to the “Farthest Mosque” in Jerusalem (Al Aqsa), where he lead other prophets in prayer. The Prophet then ascends to heaven where he speaks to Allah (SWT) and receives instructions regarding the five daily prayers that all Muslims must observe.
Is a Muslim holiday that lasts three days, it celebrates the conclusion of the month of Ramadan (the Islamic holy month of fasting).
Eid al-Adha (Festival of Sacrifice) or “Greater Eid” is Muslim holiday that commemorate the willingness of Abraham (Ibrahim PBUH) to sacrifice his own son Ishmael (Ismail PBUH) as an act of commitment, obedience to Allah (SWT). God spared Ishmael and provide him a sheep to sacrifice instead of his son.
Laylatul-Baraat is in the fifteenth night of the month Sha’ban, the eight month of the Islamic lunar calendar.
Ashura - Day of Ashura
Is on the 10th day of the month of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar. The word “Ashura” literally means “the tenth day” (ten is translated as “Ashara” in the Arabic language).
Sunni adherents commemorate it through optional fasting (its recommended to fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram), the reason given for the fast is because the Prophet Musa PBUH (Moses) fasted that day to express gratitude to God for liberating the Jews from their enemy in Egypt.
The Shi’a adherents commemorate the day by mourning for the martyrdom of Imam Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) at the Battle of Karbala.
The day of Arafah
Day of Arafah (on the 9th of the month Dhu’I-Hijja) - During one day of the Hajj, pilgrims gather at hillside and plain of Arafat called Mount Arafa to seek God’s mercy, and Muslims everywhere fast that day.
Its the last Friday of the month of Ramadan – The last Jummah prayer in Ramadan.